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Plants and Animals

Coelacanths, The Poster Fish For “Living Fossils”, Have Actually Had A Dozen Modern Upgrade

A battle is raging between two of the world’s oldest fish (or at least we thought), causing our ancestors to blame us for falling to the ground, which our rent, work, and alarm clocks were once thought to be “living fossils.” ‘L fish and tetrapods – quadrupeds are terrestrial animals – but recent research has shown that the lungs are a relative of our closest true fish. So where does our old sail quail leave? It first thought to be extinct until 1938, when the first living specimens caught off the coast of South Africa. This has somewhat taken away from our assumption of their extinction, but what about 65 million years among friends? Since then we have been trying to find out more about the “living fossils” whose alcohol morphology looks almost identical to the fossil record, but new research published in the Journal of Molecular Biology and Evolution has found several modern upgrades hidden in their genomes.

Coelacanths, The Poster Fish For “Living Fossils”, Have Actually Had A Dozen Modern Upgrade

Led by a team of scientists from Toronto, the study sequenced the genome of the African Coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae, and discovered 62 new genes that encountered other species about 10 million years ago. These genes are unusual in themselves, as they seem to come from transposons (aka selfish genes), a parasitic proliferation of genetic material whose sole purpose is to replicate them. These strange DNA components can also pass through species through a process known as horizontal gene transfer. This can happen several times in the evolutionary history of a species, so it is not easy to find out exactly when and through which animal it happened. The emergence of this DNA in coelacanths does not seem to have much effect on their physiology, yet it can reveal the dramatic effects of the genes of the confused species of transposed DNA.

“Our findings provide striking examples, rather than this phenomenon of transposons contributing to the host genome,” said Tim Hughes, senior study author and professor of molecular genetics at the Donnelly Center for Cellular and Biomolecular Research at the University of Toronto. “We don’t know what these 62 genes are doing, but many of them encode DNA binding proteins and probably play a role in gene control, even subtle changes in evolution are important.”

In an insightful study, the study leaves many unanswered questions and can be difficult to find answers when working with animals that are so rare and hard to find. Yet, giving even a glimpse of the genome of one of the world’s longest-lived inhabitants is uncommon, and the way we talk about this fish certainly becomes clear. Isaac Yellan, a graduate student who led the study, said in a statement, “The coelacanth was really surprised to find so many transposon-generated genes in the spine because they have an indomitable reputation for being a living fossil” Led. “Quelkanth may develop somewhat slowly but it is certainly not a fossil” 

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Plants and Animals

An Orphaned Vampire Bat Pup Was Adopted By Its Mother’s Best Friend

Vampires are not usually associated with acts of kindness, but as far as vampire bats are concerned, these vampires are actually quite caring. A new magazine in the Royal Society’s Open Science Journal tells the heartwarming story of a baby bat adopted by his mother’s pal after his sudden death. Although no such behavior has reported in the first bat, it is the most documented, as the animals in question are part of a group of captives at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) in Panama. As a result, more than 100 days of valuable surveillance footage depicts the journey of a baby vampire bat and its caregivers.

The two adult female bats in the story first met as part of a research project on the social bonds of vampire bats how they form. The people who worked on the study collected wildlife from three sites scattered across Panama, a sample selected, as a group was geographically isolated and would therefore be unfamiliar. After the trio population samples caged together, the researchers began to observe their behavior through infrared surveillance cameras.

New friendships blossomed between the unfamiliar bats, as evidenced by the grooming and sharing of food – which sheds some blood in love with these animals and divides the flock. This benevolent behavior strengthens the survival of this group, as members who do not miss the meal supported by their roast friends.

An Orphaned Vampire Bat Pup Was Adopted By Its Mother’s Best Friend

These behaviors were the focus of the study, which expected to track how relationships formed, so the researchers inadvertently collected strong evidence of the formation of a bond between two newly known bats Lilith and BD. Although they did not realize it at the time, the footage will prove very revealing when, after the premature death of Lilith, the parents of a 19-day-old son, BD did something quite remarkable.

“Shortly before Lilith died, I noticed that the puppy would occasionally rise to BD, and I think it probably started a cascade of neuroendocrine processes that caused BD to start breastfeeding,” said Imran Razik, an STRI and short-term doctoral fellow at Ohio State University in the statement.

To understand the sequence of events leading up to BD’s acceptance, Razik and colleagues decided to review their footage – and largely they saw BD and Lilith build strong friendships there. When Lilith was alive, they were early companion partners and shared food with Lilith more than any other bat in the BD Roast. However, Lilith did not show up to share food with BD. They also found that there was an incident of BD baby fever, showing much more interest in the puppy than any other woman does.

At first, we see Lilith getting blood from her chum BD, which in the second clip is now giving something to the orphan doll Gary Carter Lab Surveillance Camera Video.

Furthermore, the data confirmed Razik’s initial impression – BD helped pup more than BD helped any other woman. “We think that some kind of captivity experience inspires individuals to invest in other bats at a higher rate or to adopt orphaned dolls in dire need,” said Razik, who thinks such adoption could give new insights. The brain or our environment influences parental care decisions.

“As a new parent myself, I’ve come to realize the full potential of a child’s curiosity! I feel like my brain has completely rearranged. It is inherently interesting to consider the neuroendocrine processes that [inherent in these traits], the stimuli that cause them, how they differ between species or individuals, and how these traits may even pre-adapt to other forms of collaboration. “Author and STRI research collaborator Gary Carter.

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Plants and Animals

10 Apartments Evacuated In Germany As Escapee Baby Coral Snake Causes Havoc

After a six-month-old South African coral snake escaped from its terrarium, a small snake made a huge noise in Germany on Valentine’s Day. Concerned about the baby snake and the deadly venom it packing, its owners contacted emergency services to evacuate 10 apartments in Cologne, Germany. Feuerwehr Köln staff appeared at the scene and posted a description of the mini-escape expert on Facebook. “The animal is a six-month-old South African coral snake. The snake is about 20 centimeters long and small in diameter.” 

While this may seem like a lot of noise to a small snake than a common ruler, it is always best to be cautious when it comes to coral snake venom. Also known as the Cape Coral Cobra, these venomous snakes can be bad-tempered and spread their hoods and hisses when angry. They are not afraid to strike – but it is not advisable to stay at the time of one’s reception – they often strike with their mouths shut.

Strongly expensive for dry animals, meaning they want to save it for the opportunity where they can actually drink any food from it – or die if they don’t lay down their secret weapons. Their bold color is indicative of their toxicity, which easily kills lizards and small rats but is less likely to catch adults.

Threats to humans are less obvious in a few documented cases of innovation, but experience is certainly never positive. A case report published in 2012 details an adult whom bitten in both hands by a captive coral snake. The day from Hell reads, “About an hour after the bite, he needed nausea, respiratory failure and mechanical ventilation, and paralysis of the bulbar and upper limb muscles, resulting in voluntary motor control in the lower extremities. Supportive care provided, and Paralysis and respiratory failure resolved spontaneously 12 hours after onset.

This means that events such as coral snake venom considered neurotoxic to humans and call for immediate medical care for anyone who bites. It is understandable then that the fire service evacuated residents from 10 apartments in the vicinity to reduce the chances of operating the system they adopted in the event of Baby Coral’s Big Day out. In their first post, they requested that the animal not be as dangerous an adult due to its small size and young age, but extreme care should taken to ensure that the extreme reaction is not blown away.

With no stone left in the fascinating search to identify the snake, reptile teams still assess the health of captive snakes in the apartment (which proved to be “imitative”), using search bin and hard endoscope technology accessed in the area. Luckily, there was a happy outcome for everyone involved in the search because the coral snake was “caught on the way to the feed trap and now safely back in the terrarium,” wrote on Facebook if the escape attempt was abandoned because you got the snack not the whole mood, I don’t know what.

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Plants and Animals

Dragonflies’ Aerial Gymnastics Include Upside Down Backflips

When you are willing learn, study best. For aircraft, it means dragonflies. Advances in high-speed cameras have allowed scientists to observe how this amazing creature has mastered the air like no other. The lessons can apply to drones and possibly aircraft that are brave or stupid enough to pilot.

Fossils indicate that the ancestors of dragonflies were already in the air 325 million years ago, making them the largest insects ever to survive in the high oxygen-rich times. Their longevity, and the diversity of about 3,000 species, is a testament to the remarkable air fluctuations provided by their four wings that allow them to snatch prey from the air when they fly upside down.

In a brief history of almost everything, Bill Bryson notes that dragonflies can instantly stop, turn, fly backwards, and make ridiculous understandings before quoting an anonymous commentator; “The U.S. Air Force has thrown in their air tunnels to see how they do it and is frustrated.” However, this does not mean that people have stopped trying.

Dragonflies’ Aerial Gymnastics Include Upside Down Backflips

Dr Huai-Ti Lin of Imperial College London placed small magnetic and motion tracking dots on 20 common darter dragonflies, recording and reconstructing their movements. The magnets allow Lynn and colleagues to attach insects to the magnetized platform, releasing living, dead and anesthetized dragonflies in different locations to observe how they flew (or fell in the case of a dead person).

Other animals – whether they are flying animals or cats – are able to spin and turn right in the middle of the air. They rotate themselves from head to toe around the tail axis, a method that reduces momentary inertia and adopted by warplane designers. Lynn, however, found that dragonflies are more flexible and able to backflips like gymnasts, so the axis of spin is in the right corner of the body. They call this Simon Biles a worthy dragon drop. When off-balance the dragonflies use the shortest rotation available to their right. Even groggy from Anesthetic they were able to dragon drop.

Through the activities of B. Lin and co-authors at The Royal Society, we have revealed that we have already adopted some strategies that Dragonfly can teach us. “Planes are often designed in such a way that if their engines fail, they can move at a steady speed rather than descending from the sky,” first author Dr. Sam Fabian said in a statement. “We have seen similar reactions in drug dragonflies, despite the lack of active inversion, some insects, despite their small size, can gain passive stability without active control.” To make it work, however, the researchers put the wings of dead or unconscious dragonflies in the right position before dropping them.

A strategy that works after death is not an evolutionary advantage and being addicted to drugs is rare in the wild. Researchers believe that dragonflies evolved passive stability to save energy, being able to summon themselves without much pressure. Although the concept of passive stability is familiar to aeronautical engineers, Dr. Lin thinks Dragonflies can provide lessons on how to do it better. “Drones rely heavily on quick responses to keep them straight and of course, but our searches can help engineers incorporate passive stability systems into their wing structures.” He said.

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Architecture History

Çamlıca Mosque, Turkey

The Grand Çamlıca Mosque (Pronounced: Chamlija; Turkish: Büyük Çamlıca Camii), Turkey’s largest and most impressive mosque, is the product of the Turkish government’s desire to show off the country’s economic strength. It is an Islamic worship center that was completed and opened in March of 2019. The most modern complex of its kind in Turkey, with its art gallery, library, conference hall, art studio, and Museum of Islamic Culture set to open later, as well as a peaceful place for worship, Çamlıca Mosque evokes the atmosphere of mosques commissioned by the Ottoman Empire. The mosque cost US$110 million (approximately 550 million Turkish Lira) and was part of the Turkish government’s megaproject program.

The fine details of the amlca Mosque attract interest, but it also has some special features. Bahar Mzrak and Hayriye Gül Totu, two female architects, led the architectural design planning of the amlca Mosque, which began in the year 2000. The mosque’s design was influenced by Ottoman architecture and Mimar Sinan’s works. The mosque has six minarets, which reflect the Islamic faith’s six pillars. Four of these minarets, each with three balconies, stand 107.1 meters tall and are dedicated to the Triumph of Manzikert, while the other two minarets stand 90 meters tall and have two balconies.

The Grand Çamlıca Mosque, Turkey

This new icon, a futuristic structure with interior spaces built to meet different needs, contains not only an area devoted solely to worship and prayer, but also an art gallery, a library, a conference room, an art studio, and the Museum of Islamic Civilisation, which houses artefacts from Turkish Islamic culture. The new Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, officially inaugurated the mosque on May 3rd, 2019. This practice is expressed in the structure’s architecture, which is reminiscent of mosques constructed in the Ottoman and Seljuk architectural styles.

The mosque’s main dome, which stands 72 meters tall, reflects the 72 nations that call Istanbul home, while the mosque’s 34-meter dome represents Istanbul itself. A 3.12-meter-wide and 7.77-meter-high finial weighing 4.5 tons adorns the mosque’s main dome. Hayriye Gül Totu and Bahar Mzrak, two female architects, led the architectural design planning of Grand Amlca Mosque, which began in the year 2000. The mosque was designed by female architects to accommodate 63,000 people, with special consideration for women, including a separate area for women to pray as well as a childcare area.

The largest mosque in Turkey, it was President Erdoan’s pet project and can be seen for miles (including from ferries making their way up the Bosphorus). The combination of Ottoman and Islamic architecture influenced the design of the amlca Mosque. The design was designed with the likelihood of an earthquake in mind. The main building in these mosques has a Greek cross floor plan with a square in front of it. The project’s planners took into account Istanbul’s earthquake requirements, which is why the mosque will accommodate 100,000 people in the event of an earthquake.

Istanbul Big Çamlıca Mosque Main entrance courtyard

The main gate of the Grand Amlca Mosque is 5 meters long, 6.5 meters high, and weights 6 tons, making it one of the world’s largest mosque gates. The exterior design was heavily influenced by architect Mimar Sinan, the chief builder of the Ottoman classical era. The Suleymaniye Mosque, one of Sinan’s inventions, is visible from the mosque, which is situated on Amlca Hill. The mosque, which is visible from all parts of the city, is rich in features that draw tourists’ attention as they approach it from afar: the six imposing minarets that mark the building’s perimeter reflect the Islamic faith’s six pillars.

The main dome of the amlca Mosque stands 72 meters tall and represents the 72 nations served in Istanbul, Turkey, while the dome spanning 34 meters represents Istanbul (34 is the city’s license plate number). The main dome is 3.12 meters in diameter, 7.77 meters in height, and weights 4.5 tons. The Çamlıca Mosque features a 3,500-square-meter art gallery, a 3,000-square-meter library, a 1,071-seat conference hall, eight art studios, and a 3,500-car indoor parking lot. The mosque has been described as “a classic project that uses modern tools” and cutting-edge techniques in its construction, and it is designed to the highest standards, making it “one of the world’s most earthquake-resistant buildings.”

The Grand Çamlıca Mosque General view

Çamlıca Mosque’s interior was built with a more minimalist architectural approach. The two female designers’ aim was to make people feel more spiritual in the room, and they claimed that they used “light, color, glass, ornamentation, and calligraphy” to achieve this. The L&L Luce&Light outdoor lighting systems selected by Lighting Planner Utku Baksir make the Grand Çamlıca Mosque exceptional, not just in terms of structural protection but also in terms of aesthetics.

Indicating that the Çamlıca Mosque was built not only as a mosque but also as a modern-day complex and a typical Islamic Ottoman social complex. The main dome, which stands 72 meters tall, reflects the 72 nations that call Istanbul home. The minarets are arranged around the dome, with four on even ends and two on the mosque’s outer ends. Various Siri projectors, with adjusted points and hostile to glare recessed optics, have been utilized to light the trees in the garden to one side of the mosque, offering volume to the green foliage: a moving impact, in ideal beneficial interaction with the environment of the place.

Information Sources:

  1. archello.com
  2. dailysabah.com
  3. wikipedia
Categories
Plants and Animals

Thousands Of “Stunned” Sea Turtles Rescued In Brutally Cold Texas

Thousands of sea turtles have rescued from the icy coastline in Texas as cold weather continues unabated. Some parts of the southern state of Texas are experiencing severe cold weather of -18 degrees Celsius (0ºF) on Sunday, February 14, and temperatures expected to be extremely low this week. As cold-blooded reptiles, sea turtles can be stunned and lazy if they are exposed cold temperatures for long periods and eventually washed off the coast. They are particularly at risk for predators and boat accidents at this time in winter-shocked conditions.

After thousands of endangered turtles found off the south coast of Texas this recent winter, a massive community effort has launched to conserve some of these problem-free marine reptiles. On Tuesday night, conservation group Sea Turtle Inc., based on South Pad Island, said they had saved more than 2,500 turtles. They later told CBS News on Wednesday morning that they had rescued more than 4000 turtles. Volunteers behind the effort tweeted on Tuesday that their turtle rescue center space had become too small, forcing them temporarily house many turtles stored in the city at the South Pad Island Convention Center.

Thousands Of “Stunned” Sea Turtles Rescued In Brutally Cold Texas

Perhaps more notable is the fact that most of this effort made across the power cuts that covered this state. “It’s unprecedented,” Wendy Knight, executive director of Sea Turtle Inc., told the Washington Post. “A cold stun like this could have the potential to erase decades of hard work and we’re going through it without any energy in our efforts and a unique, more catastrophic challenge.”

The Green Sea Turtle of Texas is the most common sea turtle, although this species found throughout the tropical and subtropical oceans around the world. Other species of Texan water sea turtles include the frequent sea turtles, leatherbacks, hawksbill sea turtles, and Camp ridley sea turtles.

The average temperature in February was 14ºC (57ºF) in Houston, on the southeastern coast of the city of Texas on the Gulf of Mexico. This year, however, much of Texas has trapped in its coldest temperatures for more than 30 years. This devastating weather brought down from the Arctic to the winds. As explained by the Associated Press, cold air is usually concentrated at the North Pole in a polar vortex, a region of depression that rotates above the North Pole. Normally, the Arctic air kept here by a system of depressions, but the recent upheaval has caused the cold air to “escape” and move toward the southern hemisphere of the United States. For some, the weather has proved disastrous. The blackouts left millions of homes and businesses without electricity, with the New York Times reporting that at least 23 people died in or after the storm.

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Plants and Animals

Wild Female Giraffes Live Longer When They Have Friends, Study Finds

New research published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B Journal shows that like Beatles music, friends really help you – if you are a giraffe. The heartbreaking discovery made by a research team led by Monica Bond, a research firm at the University Zurich (UZH), who was studying the social life of giraffes in Tanzania.

The goal of this five-year project is to investigate the impact of social circles, human activities and the environment on the survival rate of one of the most iconic medicinal plants in the world. They looked at animals in the Tarangire region of Tanzania, an area where there are multiple social groups, including 60 to 90 female giraffes. Female social groups are the most stable, because men will leave the family group when they are mature and then jump into groups, spending more time alone than women.

Researchers have analyzed the network to understand which animals live longer in which groups and what factors may affect them, and have linked this information to survival rates. They found that giraffe group formations were not set in stone, and that within a day it would change. Women are more likely to form long-term friendships, but the social lives of these individuals affect their survival rate.

“Grouping with more females called gregariousness is associated with better survival of female giraffes, even as group membership changes frequently,” Bond said in a statement. “This aspect of giraffe’s socialization is more important than the characteristics of their non-social environment, such as the proximity of plants and human settlements.”

Hunting aside, the biggest threats to female adult giraffes include malnutrition, disease and stress, all of which intertwined. When women were with their friends, they could probably be forerunners that are more skilled, they could share information about where the best grabs were located. Having some backup when dealing with predators and illness even serves as a deterrent unwanted advance from male giraffes?

“Studies increasingly show that social cohesion plays a key role in determining survival in addition to natural and ethno-environmental factors,” the study authors wrote. “For adult female giraffes, grouping with more members, even group memberships, is often associated with better survival as they change, and this sociality seems to be more important than several features of their antisocial environment.”

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Plants and Animals

Treefrog Tadpoles Leap From Bromeliad Pools Into Streams In Wild New Reproductive Strategy

The most notable examples of mutations in the animal kingdom are frogs, which migrate from small-sized stingy (sometimes-muscular) tadpoles to adults of all sizes and shapes. It can be difficult to determine which species of frogs are associated with which tadpoles from a single presence – but by observing places where known frogs are laying their eggs, we can fill this gap. To study the Paranapiacaba Treefrog for a research project in Brazil, however, this method proved to be complicated, as it became clear that tadpoles were disappearing from their birth pools (so to speak) before they had completed their development. So, where will they go?

The study, published in the journal PLOS 1, was first established where Paranapiacaba Treefrog met and simultaneously laid eggs. Many years later, they were able to conclude that this species always lays eggs in the family of trees, the “leaves” (brooms of water suspended by the leaves) of bromeliad and lays their eggs. Surprisingly, observations of these bromeliad leaf-tanks have never yielded any tadpoles beyond a certain point of development.

“We could see in the leaves of the bromeliad that the tadpoles were always in the early stages of development (up to stage 26),” said study author Dr Leo R. Malagoli told IFLScience in an email. “Bromeliads are always located on or above temporary or permanent streams, there was only one explanation: Tadpoles must end their development in these streams, where they can find more food and space to grow. In fact, tadpoles found in streams are larger than those found in Bromeliads are. Was and was at a more advanced stage of development.”

The next step was to confirm that the large wiggly tadpoles they found in the stream were of the same species as the slightly smaller wiggly tadpoles on the leaves – and sufficiently certain, DNA analysis confirmed that they belonged to the Paranapiacaba Treefrog. The proliferation of frogs in leaf-tanks is not new to science, but these tadpoles have never seen resonance (frogs and toads) before the journey towards full development.

So how does a little tadpoles transfer this epic? Researchers believe heavy rains can help them on their way, by encouraging toadpoles either to jump or by washing them. The more it rains, the more the bromeliad leaves fill up, sending tadpoles out of their safe – but ultimately lacking – nursery pools and large, spacious, edible worlds.

Reproductive technology is a new technique for science and after 11 years of research, it is probably the first discovery of a satisfying world for the team, but Malagoli says they are not finished yet. “There are many secrets that are native to the Atlantic forests of Brazil that this species of tree frog still needs to be researched and uncovered.” “I think one of the interesting things is to explore in more detail the process of transferring tadpoles from bromeliad to streams.”

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Plants and Animals

This Rare Moonlight Cactus Only Blooms Once A Year. You Can Watch It Live Tonight.

For the first time in the United Kingdom, a rare Amazon cactus, the Selenicereus wittii, is about to bloom in the Cambridge University Botanical Garden (CUBG). The rather unconventional flowering experience of the awning cactus is currently streaming on a webcam, and when it blooms – as expected sometime this weekend – it will show a rare glimpse into the 12-hour blooming period, which usually begins at sunset and is followed by all sunrises.

“I am eager to see and share this very unusual flower. It is very rare to find this tree in our collection and we believe it is the first time that a moonflower has blossomed in the UK,” Alex Summer, Glasshouse Supervisor at CUBJ, said in a press release. The moonflower is native to the Amazon rainforest, where it is usually found wrapped around tree trunks. The current specimen acquired from the Botanical Gardens in Germany in 2015 and now kept in botanical gardens inside a glasshouse for proper condition.

This Rare Moonlight Cactus Only Blooms Once A Year. You Can Watch It Live Tonight.

CUBG’s Twitter canopy provides updates on the current progress of the cactus flower, which stands below: The current length of the tree is 19 centimeters (7.5 inches). They hope the tree will start to bloom once it reaches 20 centimeters (7.9 inches). Even for Valentine’s Day, it can be a special surprise, which is this weekend. After the cactus blooms, it will open a white flower that reaches about 27 centimeters (10.5 inches) in length, lasting only 12 hours. As it blooms in the sunset to attract two special pollinators during sunset, it emits a very sweet-smelling scent, attracting two species of hawkmoth with extremely long proboscis (tongue).

The cool thing is you can see this moment as it happened – this is probably if you are going around – probably between sunset and sunrise UK time (GMT / UTC) on Sunday, February 14. There are plenty of ways to check if the flowering process has started. “The team has created a webcam in the hope that they can live stream the flow of flowers to share with other enthusiasts,” CUBG said in its press release.

So, if you are annoyed by the lockdown (who he is), do not feel anything new in a few months and really want to see a rare moonflower bloom for just 12 hours. Tune in to the live stream below, and check out CUBG’s social channels for regular updates on when the blooms may begin so you can have popcorn ready, or shall we say wine?

If this is not enough to observe such a rare moment on earth, check out the first flower that bloomed in space here.

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Plants and Animals

These Pigs Were Taught To Play Video Games. They Were Actually Not Too Shabby

Pigs have an “extraordinary” ability to learn how to play video games – an ability to avoid. Pigs are unlikely to carry any e-sports trophies soon, but their ability to learn this skill has demonstrated their surprisingly high level of intelligence and cognitive flexibility. Their exploits were the subject of a recent study in the journal Psychology Frontiers. The study found that two Yorkshire pigs, Hamlet and Omelet, and two Panepinto micro-pigs, Abney and Ivory, being taught how to play a simple video game. 

The pigs trained to move a joystick with their snouts in front of a computer screen. If they successfully move the pointer toward one of the points using the joystick, they rewarded with a snack. Even after the pigs stopped receiving rewards, they were able to complete tasks using only verbal and tactile signals.

Researchers, who have previously explored the depths of chimpanzee knowledge, described the ability to choose this skill as “significant.” “It’s not a small genetic phenomenon for animals to realize that their behavior is affecting something else. That these pigs can do to any degree. What else are we capable of learning and how should we pause to learn this kind of thing?” Could have impact, “said Dr. Candace Crony, lead study author and professor at Purdue University and director of the Purdue Center for Animal Welfare Science, in a statement.

Plenty of research has proven that pigs are among the most intelligent animals in the animal kingdom. Scientists have even observed locally critically endangered species Visayan warty pigs on only two islands in the Philippines using capturing equipment. Although the pings in this study did not meet the level of mastery expected by chimps or any other inhuman primate, the researchers believe that this could explained by the nature of this experiment designed for experimental and perspective mammals.

The study also raises some racial questions about treating pigs as farm animals. If this study proves that pigs are deeply intelligent animals with some cognitive skills that are comparable to chimpanzees, should we change the way we treat them in agriculture.

“This type of study is important because, like any sensitive animal, how we interact with pigs and the impact of what we do on them is important to them,” Crony said. “Informing management practices and improving the well-being of pigs was a major goal, but really, the uniqueness of pig dryness is a secondary issue that we appreciate beyond any benefit we can get from them,” Crony commented.