Apple incorporation, also as Apple Computer, Inc. is an American multinational corporation founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in 1976. Now, Steve Jobs is taking charge of Apple as a CEO, and it primarily operates in the US and is headquartered in Cupertino, California with about 17,800 employees. Apple belongs to several industries; it is in the industries of computer hardware, computer software, and consumer electronics. Apple has produced Mac desktops and laptops with their accessories along with iPod series. Recently, Apple also has been able to earn outrageous share of the mobile industry profits with such innovative devices, iPhone and iPad. The new generation of Apple TV just came out as well. Apple develops its own operating system to run on Macs, Mac OS X and provides computer software titles for its Mac OS X operating system such as iTunes, QuickTime media player, Safari web browser, Final Cut Pro, and so on.
The company manages its business primarily on a geographic basis. According to Apple’s annual report, the company operates through four operating segments: the Americas, Europe, Japan, and retail. The Americas, Europe, and Japan reportable segments do not include activities related to the retail segment. The retail segment currently operated Apple-owned retail stores in the US, Canada, Japan and the UK. The company has 116 retail stores in the US and eight international stores in Canada, Japan and the UK. On the geographic basis, 48 % sales come from Americas, 23 % from Europe, 5% from Japan, 17% from retail, and 7% from other segments.
The Eyüp Sultan Mosque (Turkish: Eyüp Sultan Camii) is a very unique and holy mosque for the Islamic world; it is located in the district of Eyüp on Istanbul’s European side, near the Golden Horn, and outside the walls of Constantinople. The current structure dates from the early 19th century. It was the first mosque built by the Ottoman Turks after the conquest of Constantinople in 1453, and it was completed in 1458. The mausoleum marks the location where Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (Ebu Eyüp el-Ensari), the Islamic prophet Muhammad’s standard-bearer and companion, is said to have been buried. Sultan Mehmet II intended to construct a grand tomb to mark the site of Eyüp’s grave, which was discovered outside the city walls shortly after the Conquest. The Ottoman princes came to the mosque complex he commissioned for the Turkish equivalent of a coronation ceremony: the girding of the Sword of Osman to indicate their authority and title as padişah (king of kings) or sultan. The Eyup Sultan Mosque’s decorated dome, which measures 17.5m in diameter and is supported by two half domes, has an elegant architecture. Eyüp’s tomb is possibly more interesting than the mosque itself. It’s open Tuesday through Sunday from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., and it’s covered in tile panels from various ages, creating a lovely, if overwhelming, effect. By the end of the 18th century, the mosque had fallen into disrepair, possibly as a result of earthquake damage, and Sultan Selim III ordered the entire building, except the minarets, to be demolished and rebuilt in 1798. In the year 1800, this project was completed. Mahmud II reconstructed the eastern minaret in the original style in 1822.
A fun leafy area to walk through is the Eyüp Cemetery, which leads up the hill from the mosque. The Ottoman princes came to the mosque complex he commissioned for the Turkish equivalent of a coronation ceremony: the girding of the Sword of Osman to indicate their authority and title as padişah (king of kings) or sultan. Eyüp Sultan is thought to have died in the 670s during the first Arab siege of Constantinople. Muslims hold his tomb in high regard. The mausoleum is located on the north side of a courtyard, directly across from the mosque’s main prayer hall entrance. Thousands of Muslims flock to the mausoleum on Fridays, which are holy days in Islam. Around the mosque and mausoleum, old trees, flocks of pigeons, praying believers, and visiting crowds create a magical and colorful atmosphere. Tiles from various periods cover the walls of the mausoleum in the courtyard. Turkey’s oldest and most sacred mosque is the Eyüp Sultan Mosque. Its style was altered several times by the Ottomans, who designed it in accordance with their own style of architecture at the time. Mimar Sinan, a well-known Ottoman architect, designed the Eyüp Sultan Mosque. Mimar Sinan was the son of either Greek or Armenian Christian parents. According to historical accounts, this district was also a holy site in Byzantine times, where people came to visit a saint’s grave and pray for rain during droughts. A variety of contrasting panels of Iznik tiles can be found on the mausoleum’s wall facing the mosque. They are from various times and were brought together during the mosque’s restoration in 1798-1799. Iznik tiles are also used to cover the walls of the mausoleum’s vestibule. They date from about 1580 and have the distinctive sealing-wax red slip. Similar tiles to those found in the vestibule can be found in a number of museums outside of Turkey; they likely once adorned the walls of the baths’ now-demolished entrance hall (camekân). The baroque mosque replaces the original, which was demolished in the 1766 earthquake, but the main draw is the türbe, a holy burial site that attracts crowds of pilgrims waiting in line to see the contents of the solid silver sarcophagus or to meditate in prayer. A panel of three blue and turquoise Iznik tiles, dated from about 1550, is housed in the British Museum and is identical to some of the ones that now adorn the shrine’s exterior wall.
Camouflage is a common defense system in the animal kingdom but undoubtedly, some are better than others are perhaps one of the most impressive is the dead leaf butterfly, also known as the orange or Indian oakleaf (Kallima inachus). These fascinating and gigantic butterflies are seen migrating from India to Japan in tropical Asia and bringing about a double life. On the one hand, they are vibrant shades of blue and burnt orange with black tips and on the other, they look like dead leaves.
The striking camouflage is undoubtedly impressive, but how can anyone start as a butterfly and end up like a dry shower? In line with Church Darwin’s theory of evolution, he wrote in the Westminster Review in 1867 that the imitation these pages was researched by naturalist Alfred Russell Wallace. “But the most striking and suspicious aspect of the protective similarity between butterflies that we have seen before is that of the common Indian Kallima inachis…” Exactly how the mystery of his day was.
Recently, scientists have found evidence of four distinct intermediate forms of KM Inches before this method of camouflage was developed. Over time, these butterflies saw small changes in their wings, as well as 45 closely related species, and they were able gradually gather the most complete evidence of the introduction of a means of mimicking evolution. They found that multiple related species shared a rough plan on their wings, suggesting that duplicates of the leaves too inherited across all species.
“Leaf mimics in butterfly wings provide an interesting example of complex adaptive features and create speculation about how wing patterns develop close resemblance to leaves from ancestral forms that do not resemble leaves,” the study authors wrote. “The types of leaf imitations are slowly changing, suddenly, evolving from mimetic [no imitative] ancestors. Through a lineage of Kallima butterflies, leaf patterns emerged through the temporary collection of orchestrated changes of multiple pattern elements.
The common baron caterpillar (Euthalia aconthea) is a similarly skilled camouflage critic native to India and Southeast Asia. Instead of dead leaves, E. aconthea blends seamlessly with the yellow, green leaves. Little larvae live solitary lives on top of mangoes and cashews while hiding from simple sightings from predators. When the baron showed off his great invisible work, the monkey slag caterpillar (Phobetron perithecium) really said, “Hold my beer” for fear hanging and to dress likes a tarantula. The larvae themselves are not dangerous; they feed on most trees and shrubs and do not sting their hair despite widespread misconceptions (as opposed to this walking-hat for caterpillars). The amazingly sized and strange creature, unfortunately, left out of the ugly breath effect, as after pupation it evolved into a hug moth that looked like a fluffy turd.
The oldest known indigenous rock painting has identified in Australia and – not surprisingly – it is a kangaroo painting. These studies detailed in a new study published today in the journal Nature Human Behavior. Researchers are currently researching a treasure trove of rock art found at eight rock art sites in the Kimberley area of Western Australia. This art gallery includes animals depicting snakes, a lizard-like figure, and murals of various colors, including three macropods (the iconic family of marsupials, including kangaroos, wallabies, and quokkas).
Together with the site’s aboriginal Traditional Historian owners, scientists at the University of Melbourne set out to set the date for the artwork in an effort to unravel a more detailed timeline of this creative activity. However, determining the dates in these paintings is not an easy feat, since ancient aboriginal artists often painted using ocher pigments made from iron oxide, which cannot easily dated because they contain no organic matter. To overcome this obstacle, the researchers leaned towards a knowledgeable tested and tested method: instead of dating the painting, they wrote down the remains of ancient mud waste houses that had painted. By dating the waste houses above and below the painting, the kangaroo national artwork dated 17,500 to 17,100 years ago, making it one of the oldest painted figures in Australia.
“This has turned the painting into one of Australia’s most famous in-situ paintings,” said Dr. Krishna Kumar, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Melbourne and lead author of the study. Damien Finch said in a statement. The kangaroo painted on the opal ceiling of a rock shelter on the Unghango Group Estate in the Balanggarra country in the Kimberley region of northeastern Western Australia. In addition to its significant age, the style of painting also attracted the attention of researchers. Its life-size scale and subjects are typical of the irregular infill animal or naturalist period. As the researchers explained, it gives some valuable insights into the culture of those who painted this piece and even raises the possibility that old works may still be in Australia.
“This is a significant discovery in this initial hypothesis. We can understand something about the world in which these ancient artists lived. We never understand what the artist thought when he painted this work for more than 600 generations. Previously, but we know that the naturalist period extended into the last ice age, so the environment was cooler and drier than it is today,”Dr. Finch explained. “This iconic kangaroo image is visually identical to the paintings of the islands of Southeast Asia more than 40,000 years ago, suggesting a cultural link – and pointing to the still old rock art in Australia,” added Dr Sven Ouzman, one of the project’s organizers. The University is the lead investigators at the Western Australian School of Social Sciences.
Multiple old decorative images have rediscovered in recent times beyond Australia. Just last month, archaeologists emerged as the oldest metaphorical work of art created by the human body: a 45,500-year-old doodle of a fat-pig.